How do you write a peer-to-peer adult education curriculum that guides participants to find answers for themselves?
It’s much more interesting to learn something through investigation than to be told the answer upfront. Plus, something you discover yourself is easier to remember in the long-run.
Discovery can happen any time someone has to look for an answer.
For example, to teach participants about the danger of taking too much pain medication, the peer facilitator can use this exercise.
“Partner up with the person next to you and look at this label of a common over-the-counter medicine. Answer these questions together and be prepared to report back to the group."
What is the recommended dose? Hint: It’s under DIRECTIONS (ask group to respond)
- 20 mL every 4 hours
- only use with dosing cup provided
What warnings does it give you? (ask group to respond)
- Don’t take more than 6 doses in in 24 hours
- Don’t take with other drugs that have Tylenol (acetaminophen)
- Severe liver damage can occur if you take too much, or combine with another drug that has Tylenol (acetaminophen)
- Ask doctor of pharmacist before use if you are taking blood thinners
- Ask a doctor before use if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, liver disease, heart disease, thyroid disease, trouble urinating, persistent cough (such as asthma).
- Do not use if taking prescription MAOI (certain drugs for depression, psychiatric or emotional conditions, or Parkinson’s disease). If you do not know if your prescription drug contains MAOI, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Based on these warnings, what actions would you take next time you need to take an over-the-counter medicine? (ask group to respond)
- Read the label!
- Ask the pharmacist or my doctor before taking!
Is this information still dry and dense? SO. VERY. YES. But the act of DISCOVERING the answers and sharing with others is empowering. And it gives participants practice in a critical real-life skill (reading labels) to protect their health.
Using discovery as a tool of peer-to-peer learning takes the pressure off the facilitator to be the expert, is much more interactive than talking AT people, and makes participants contributors in their learning.
This style of learning lasts; people can actually implement and sustain it in their lives. Here is Deliverance, talking about how the skill of reading labels has helped his family.